The Different Types Of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is one of the most common and serious mental illnesses. There are different types of bipolar disorder, all of which describe different mental states and present a challenge to both the patient and those close to them.
The Different Types of Bipolar Disorder

The different types of bipolar disorder have a significant impact on the mental state of the patient and affect those around them.

It is a psychological condition that oscillates between depressive and manic states. Therefore, the patient can go from the most intense euphoria and excessive self-confidence to a state of deep despondency, fear and negativity.

Expressions such as “that person is a bit bipolar” or “today is not my day, I feel a bit bipolar” we encounter in abundance in our daily lives. We use expressions like these quite freely to describe the fluctuating moods that we humans often experience.

But while we’ve all been on an emotional roller coaster, the life of someone with bipolar disorder is something else entirely. They are really having a hard time with this complex condition.

For starters, no two people with bipolar disorder are the same. Every case is different. Some follow their treatment effectively and achieve a completely normal daily life.

Others, on the other hand, become involved in risky behavior, fail to follow medical guidelines, and are unable to adequately manage their social, personal, or work lives. Let’s dig a little deeper into the different typologies of this mental illness.

The Different Types of Bipolar Disorder

The Five Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is one of the most common mental illnesses and one of the most serious. We know that it affects between three and five percent of the world’s population and that while it is more common in adults, it can also occur during early childhood.

We are dealing with a condition that lasts for years. After that, it may go into remission for some time. It may then return shortly after.

As we have seen, no one with this condition experiences it in the same way. Some have severe depression and only milder episodes of euphoria. Others suffer from manic episodes of greater intensity and impact. Some are stuck in one state for months. Others alternate these episodes regularly.

All of this shows that not only is it vital to diagnose this disease as soon as possible, but it is also important to know what type of bipolar disorder we are dealing with. We will now analyze them.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic disorder is the mildest form of bipolar disorder. It usually first appears in adolescence, making it difficult to diagnose because of the behavioral changes that characterize this stage of life.

However, it can develop into situations that a family can no longer deal with alone. These would be the characteristics in this case:

  • Mental instability. The person in question is aware of his condition.
  • Mild episodes of depression occur (melancholy, sadness, irritability, sleep changes, and eating disorders).
  • Phases of euphoria, hyperactivity, or excitement that are not too intense. This is classified as hypomania.
  • Months may pass during which the person’s emotions, behavior and mood are stabilized and balanced. Although, sooner or later, depression or risk-taking and practicing recklessness can occur.
  • The person’s family may notice that the person in question has a very difficult character, with very noticeable outbursts and a bad mood.

Bipolar I Disorder

This type of bipolar disorder is usually diagnosed when the patient has gone through a manic phase that has lasted longer than a week, along with the onset of psychotic outbreaks. These are particularly serious situations where hospitalization is usually necessary.

  • Not so long ago, this type was called manic-depressive psychosis. The most notable manic episodes are those involving violent behavior, including even suicide attempts.
  • Bipolar I disorder can range from mild to debilitating. In severe cases, the person in question will have serious problems living an independent life (studying, working, financial aspects, etc.).

Types of Bipolar Disorder: Type II

The main feature of this typology is that it includes the mildest version of mania: hypomania. However, repeated episodes of major depression are also more common. To diagnose this type, the person in question must have experienced the following:

  • At least one hypomanic episode and more than one major depressive episode.
  • Sleeping problems: insomnia or excessive sleeping (hypersomnia).
  • Intense exhaustion.
  • Crying inexplicably.
  • Suicidal ideas.
  • Low self-esteem and low motivation.

Rapid cycling bipolar disorder

We define a patient as a rapid cycling patient if they have an average of about four episodes per year. These episodes may be depressive, mixed depressive, manic, or hypomanic. As a result, some people with type 1 or type 2 disorder can also be cyclical quickly.

However, we know that this typology is not very common. Only 10% have this trait within the different types of bipolar disorder.

Different Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder due to another medical disorder or substance abuse condition

Of the different types of bipolar disorder, this is the most nonspecific. The reason? Some people don’t show a specific pattern like the ones mentioned above. However, they get this diagnosis because of their mood swings, medical history, and behavior.

Many of these cases have two causes: whether a person is suffering from an illness (such as schizophrenia) or from an addiction to certain substances.

In conclusion, we have seen that the different types of bipolar disorder define certain situations, but they are all equally severe.

However, it is important to emphasize a few points here. The first is that with effective treatment, drastic mood swings can be controlled. The result is that the patient will have a better quality of life.

Second, psychological support can be very helpful in teaching the patient to develop new skills and also in improving their relationships, both at work and within the family. With medical and psychological guidance, the person in question can achieve autonomy and satisfaction in life.

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